Easy Care Guide For African House Snakes: Facts & Tips

Are you interested in owning a pet snake but don’t want to deal with the hassle of complex care requirements? Look no further than the African House Snake, a nonvenomous species native to sub-Saharan Africa that is known for its adaptability and easy care needs.

Whether you are a seasoned reptile owner or a first-time pet owner, this easy care guide will provide you with all the information you need to keep your African House Snake healthy and happy.

In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know about caring for African House Snakes, including their habitat, diet, behavior, and health. You’ll learn about their unique adaptability to different temperature and humidity ranges, as well as their basic housing needs.

With this guide, you’ll have all the knowledge you need to provide the best possible care for your African House Snake, ensuring that your pet lives a long and happy life.

Key Takeaways

  • African house snakes are easy to care for and have basic housing needs.
  • They are adaptable to different temperature and humidity ranges, and need warm temperatures and a water bowl in their enclosure.
  • They should be fed a diet of living or defrosted mice or rats, and signs of illness when purchasing a snake should be monitored.
  • African house snakes can be handled and are abundant in the wild and in the pet trade.

Habitat and Adaptability

You’ll be happy to know that African house snakes are highly adaptable to different temperature and humidity ranges, making them easy to keep in various types of enclosures.

In the wild, they can be found in shrublands, grasslands, wetlands, savannahs, and tropical forests. This adaptability allows them to be comfortable in a range of temperatures, from 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, as long as they have access to an appropriate heat source and a cooler area to retreat to if needed.

The humidity in their enclosure should be between 30% and 50% to mimic their natural habitat. African house snakes are versatile in the wild and exhibit different behavioral patterns depending on their habitat.

For example, those found in wetlands tend to be more aquatic and are good swimmers, while those in savannahs and grasslands are more terrestrial. These snakes are also known to burrow, so adding a thick layer of aspen or beechwood chips to their enclosure will allow them to exhibit this natural behavior.

It’s important to provide a suitable environment for these snakes not only for their comfort but also for wildlife conservation efforts. By creating a space that mimics their natural habitat, we can help preserve these adaptable creatures.

Enclosure and Environment

Surprisingly, creating the perfect habitat for your sub-Saharan African house snake can be a bit more complicated than you might expect. While they’re adaptable to different temperature and humidity ranges, they still require specific conditions to thrive. Here are some tips for creating an optimal enclosure and environment for your African house snake:

  • Enclosure size: The minimum enclosure size for an African house snake is 24 inches by 18 inches by 18 inches, but bigger is always better. A larger enclosure will give your snake more space to explore and exercise.

  • Substrate choices: The best substrate options for African house snakes are aspen or beechwood chips. Not only do they provide a comfortable surface for your snake to burrow into, but they also allow for easy cleaning.

  • Decorative options: African house snakes don’t need an elaborately decorated enclosure, but you can add some simple elements to make it more aesthetically pleasing. A few branches or rocks will give your snake something to climb on and hide behind.

Remember, the environment you create for your African house snake will directly impact its health and well-being. By providing the right enclosure and substrate, along with a few decorative elements for enrichment, you can ensure your snake lives a long and happy life.

Feeding and Health

To ensure the health of your sub-Saharan house snake, it’s important to understand their dietary needs and recognize signs of illness.

African house snakes are carnivorous and should be fed a diet of living or defrosted mice or rats. The size of the prey should be appropriate for the size of the snake, with larger snakes requiring larger prey.

It’s recommended to feed adult snakes once a week, while juveniles should be fed more frequently. It’s important to observe the snake while it’s feeding to ensure it’s swallowing the prey properly and not regurgitating it later.

Common illnesses in African house snakes include respiratory infections, parasites, and mouth rot. Signs of illness include wheezing, lack of appetite, lethargy, and abnormal stool.

If you suspect your snake is ill, it’s important to seek veterinary care immediately. Proper hygiene and cleaning of the enclosure can prevent the spread of illness, and avoiding feeding live prey can reduce the risk of injury to the snake.

By understanding the dietary needs and common illnesses of the African house snake, you can ensure the health and well-being of your pet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are African house snakes good pets for beginners?

African house snakes are feasible pets for beginners, but have pros and cons. They’re easy to care for and have a calm temperament, but require warm temperatures and a large water bowl. They’re also fertile breeders and should be purchased from reputable breeders.

How do African house snakes defend themselves in the wild?

African House Snakes use camouflage tactics to defend themselves in the wild. They are also known for their predatory behavior, using their slender bodies and sharp teeth to catch prey.

What is the lifespan of African house snakes in the wild?

African house snakes in the wild can live up to 10-15 years. They primarily feed on small rodents, birds, and lizards. They are also fertile breeders, producing up to 10-15 eggs per clutch.

Are African house snakes social creatures?

African house snakes are solitary creatures and don’t require social interaction. However, providing environmental enrichment, such as hiding places and climbing structures, can improve their overall well-being and mental stimulation.

Can African house snakes coexist with other snake species in the same enclosure?

Sure, go ahead and toss in a few other snake species with your African House Snake. What could go wrong? Compatibility concerns and housing requirements are for the birds, right? Just kidding, don’t do it. It’s not safe or recommended.


Congratulations, you’re now equipped with all the knowledge you need to care for your African House Snake! With their adaptable nature, they make a great pet for both seasoned reptile owners and first-time pet owners. But don’t let their easy care fool you – these snakes are fierce predators in the wild and should be treated with respect in captivity.

While their basic housing needs make them an easy pet to care for, it’s important to remember that they still require proper nutrition, a suitable environment, and regular health check-ups.

So, whether you’re looking for a low-maintenance pet or a fascinating addition to your reptile collection, an African House Snake might just be the perfect fit. Just be sure to handle them with care, as their harmless appearance can sometimes be deceiving.

Alain Grant

I'm Alain, a passionate reptile enthusiast and the creator Reptilebehavior.com. A blog sharing my 15 years of hands-on experience in caring for reptiles, my goal is to provide valuable insights, practical tips, and reliable information to fellow reptile lovers. Contact me at alain@reptilebehavior.com for assistance.

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