Prairie Kingsnakes Care: Ultimate Guide

Prairie Kingsnakes

Are you a reptile enthusiast looking for a new addition to your collection? Look no further than the prairie kingsnake. This non-venomous species, native to North America, makes a great pet for both experienced and first-time owners alike.

But before you bring one into your home, it’s important to understand their unique needs.

In this guide, we’ll provide you with everything you need to know about caring for a prairie kingsnake. From their habitat requirements to feeding and breeding tips, we’ll cover it all.

With proper care and attention, you can provide a comfortable and safe environment for your pet prairie kingsnake to thrive in. So, let’s dive in and learn about this fascinating species.

Key Takeaways

  • Prairie kingsnakes are docile and reclusive non-venomous snakes found in the Southeastern United States.
  • They require a roomy vivarium with a deep and dry substrate, hiding spaces, and climbing options.
  • Temperature and humidity should be carefully monitored, and they should be fed thawed mice once every two weeks.
  • Breeding requires healthy snakes, optimal enclosure conditions, and proper incubation of eggs.

Prairie Kingsnakes: Species Profile

Prairie Kingsnakes

If you’re interested in caring for a prairie kingsnake, it’s important to know that they are a non-venomous species found in the Southeastern United States. They prefer open grassy areas, forests, or woodlands near bodies of water.

These snakes are docile and reclusive, spending 75% of their time in burrows or underneath debris, leaf litter, and rocks. However, during breeding season, they can become territorial.

Prairie kingsnakes have an average lifespan of 15 years and can grow up to 42 inches long. When it comes to their behavioral tendencies, prairie kingsnakes are known to be peaceful and hardy, making them a great choice for a beginner snake owner.

Captive-bred prairie kingsnakes are even more docile and can make great pets. Their geographic distribution is limited to the Southeastern United States, where they can be found in states such as Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.

They thrive in habitats that provide plenty of hiding spaces and a dry and deep substrate for burrowing behavior.

Prairie Kingsnakes: Habitat Requirements

To create the perfect vivarium for your prairie kingsnake, it’s important to choose the right substrate and provide ample hiding spaces.

A roomy vivarium that’s at least 34 inches long is required for this species. The substrate should be a few inches deep to allow for burrowing behavior. Aspen shavings and cypress mulch are ideal substrates. It’s important to incorporate leaf litter for added enrichment.

Sterilized branches should also be added for climbing. Plenty of hiding spaces should be provided to make your pet feel safe and secure.

It’s important to note that the vivarium layout should be changed monthly. Cleaning the vivarium is crucial for your pet’s health and wellbeing. Regularly monitoring the temperature and humidity levels is also important.

The basking area should be between 84°F to 88°F and the cool area should be between 70°F to 75°F. Humidity levels should be between 40% to 55%. By following these guidelines, you can create the perfect habitat for your prairie kingsnake and ensure that it lives a happy and healthy life.

Feeding and Breeding Tips

When feeding your pet prairie kingsnake, make sure to provide thawed mice once every two weeks and a large, tip-proof, and deep water bowl for them to submerge themselves in. This allows them to stay hydrated and healthy, which is essential for their overall wellbeing. Additionally, avoid overhandling your snake to prevent stress, which can lead to common health issues such as mites, respiratory infections, and regurgitation.

Breeding prairie kingsnakes requires healthy snakes, optimal enclosure conditions, and brumation. Females shed their skin before breeding, and mating occurs through copulation. If you plan on breeding your prairie kingsnakes, ensure that gravid females have a spacious box with damp sphagnum moss to lay their eggs.

Incubate eggs at 80°F to 82°F with high humidity levels, and make sure to separate hatchlings and put them in separate enclosures to prevent cannibalism. Remember that breeding is not recommended for novice reptile owners and should only be attempted with proper research and knowledge.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are prairie kingsnakes good beginner snakes for first-time reptile owners?

Prairie kingsnakes have a docile temperament and are easy to care for, making them a great choice for first-time reptile owners. They eat thawed mice every two weeks and prefer a dry, burrowing substrate. Owning one can provide many benefits.

How often do prairie kingsnakes shed their skin?

Get ready for a shed! Prairie kingsnakes shed their skin 3-4 times a year. Signs of an impending shed include dull skin, cloudy eyes, and reduced appetite. Shedding is a natural process and should be monitored closely.

Can prairie kingsnakes be kept with other snake species or should they be housed alone?

Prairie kingsnakes should be housed alone as they can be aggressive towards other snakes. Socialization opportunities are not recommended. Housing compatibility should be considered when caring for multiple snake species.

What is the typical size of a juvenile prairie kingsnake and how quickly do they grow?

Juvenile prairie kingsnakes measure around 8-10 inches at birth and can grow up to 24 inches in their first year. They should be fed once a week with appropriately sized mice to ensure proper growth and development.

Are there any specific toys or enrichment activities that can be provided for prairie kingsnakes to prevent boredom in their enclosure?

Toys and enrichment activities can help prevent boredom in prairie kingsnakes. Provide climbing branches, hiding spaces, and different substrates to explore. Move decor around monthly to keep things interesting.


Congratulations on your decision to add a prairie kingsnake to your collection of exotic pets! As you’ve learned from this guide, these non-venomous reptiles can make great additions to your home with proper care and attention.

Remember to provide a comfortable and safe habitat, including a suitable substrate, hiding spots, and appropriate temperature and humidity levels.

Feeding your prairie kingsnake a varied diet of appropriately sized prey items is crucial for their health and wellbeing. Additionally, if you’re interested in breeding your snakes, be sure to follow the appropriate guidelines and seek the advice of experienced breeders.

With proper care, your prairie kingsnake can thrive in your home for many years to come.

But as with any pet, owning a prairie kingsnake is a responsibility that should not be taken lightly. It’s important to do your research and ensure you can provide the necessary care and attention before bringing one into your home.

With patience, dedication, and a love for these fascinating creatures, you can provide a happy and healthy life for your pet prairie kingsnake.

Alain Grant

I'm Alain, a passionate reptile enthusiast and the creator A blog sharing my 15 years of hands-on experience in caring for reptiles, my goal is to provide valuable insights, practical tips, and reliable information to fellow reptile lovers. Contact me at for assistance.

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